BONSERNEWS.com – Genetics is a branch of biology that studies how the characteristics of living things are passed from one generation to the next through the mechanism of genetic inheritance.
The discoveries of the basis of genetics have provided remarkable insights into the structure and function of genetic molecules, the process of inheritance, and the role of genetics in understanding the diversity and evolution of life on Earth.
This article will examine in detail various important aspects of genetics, from the structure of DNA to its impact on human development and health.
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The following are the basics of genetics, let’s look at the explanation.
– DNA structure
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) is the molecule that contains the genetic code for all forms of life.
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The basic structure of DNA is a double helix formed by two paired nucleotide strands. The nucleotide consists of deoxyribose sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base (adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine).
– Cell Reproduction and DNA Replication
Cell reproduction is the process of forming new cells from existing cells.
Before cells divide, DNA must undergo replication to ensure that each daughter cell has a complete copy of its genetic information.
The process of DNA replication is very important to maintain the stability and accuracy of genetic information.
– Gene Expression