BONSERNEWS.com – It has been two years since the world has faced the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid 19) pandemic.
Since then, people have become more accustomed to the term pandemic or other terms such as epidemic or outbreaks.
However, in recent times, the term “endemic” has begun to be heard in various circles of society.
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What are endemic, epidemic and pandemic?
Based on Center of Disease Control (CDC), the terms endemic, epidemic, and pandemic epidemiologically are as follows:
– Endemic is a disease that spreads in an area or in a group of people.
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Endemic is a condition where the appearance of a disease is constant or the disease is common in a population in a certain geographic area. An example of a disease is Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF).
– An epidemic is an infectious disease that spreads quickly over a large area and causes many victims. An increase in the rate of disease above normal that usually occurs suddenly in a population in a certain geographic area.
Examples of diseases that have become epidemics are the Ebola virus in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2019, Avian Influenza/bird flu (H5N1) in Indonesia in 2012, and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003.
– A pandemic is an outbreak that spreads simultaneously everywhere, covering a large geographical area (covering the entire country or continent), usually affecting many people. An example of a disease that has become a pandemic now is Covid 19.
What is the difference between pandemic and endemic?
In contrast to pandemics that occur in large and simultaneous geographic areas, the emergence of a disease in an endemic state tends to be constant and predictable and only covers a geographic area.