BONSERNEWS.com – Language and Literature study programs at various universities generally require linguistics courses and make linguistics topics a topic that can be chosen for thesis.
The uniqueness of working on a linguistics thesis is that while using the theory and methods of linguistic research, the object under study may include many spoken and written media, including literary works that have been studied in literature class.
Following are the five stages carried out by students majoring in Language and Literature who wish to take a linguistics thesis.
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1. Determine the Interested Research Object
Because the requirements for linguistic research objects are things that contain elements of language, the choices are very broad.
Students can take advantage of the broad scope of this linguistic discussion to focus on things they are very interested in, because doing research according to our interests and preferences will facilitate the process of the research.
The object chosen can be in the form of advertisements obtained in digital and print media, writings in classic literature books, conversations and interactions in therapy classes for children with special needs, dialogue spoken on drama and film stages, opening speeches in a seminar, lectures by religious leaders on television stations, conversations from interviews on podcasts, recordings of police interrogations on suspects, humorous language in digital comics, and so on.
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Many well-known linguists initially started research based on their preferred research object or research medium until they eventually became experts in the field.
William Labov, who became the originator of sociolinguistics, also started his research from what he liked to observe the most, conversations between users of the same language.
Reported by the LearningFirst.com site, one of the first studies conducted by William Labov was recording the conversations of sales assistants at three stores of different financial levels and social classes in the Manhattan area, New York City.
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From this research, Labov found that the use of the sound ‘r’ in the conversations of sales assistants in these stores differed according to their level of social and economic class.
2. Determine which branch of linguistics is most mastered and most relevant to the research object
From the example of William Labov’s previous research in Manhattan, we can see that Labov studied the sound or phoneme /r/ used by sales assistants in three different stores.
William Labov’s focus in this research is phonemes and in researching phonemes, of course, Labov has a qualified understanding in the fields of phonetics and phonology or the branch of linguistics that studies sounds.
Likewise with final year students who want to write a linguistics thesis, they must know which branch of linguistics they understand and master the most before deciding on a research topic.
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In fact, students can see an indication of which branch of linguistics they are proficient in from their grades in previous courses.
For example, if a student is confused about doing phonological research or semantic research, aka a branch of linguistics that studies meaning, then they can see the track record of their previous phonological and semantic values.