BONSERNEWS.com – The body has been a concern of philosophers throughout history.
The body is discussed from various perspectives regarding the meaning, urgency and relevance of the human body.
The following are some definitions of the body according to philosophers, as well as the urgency and relevance of research on the body today:
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Plato and Dualism
Plato, an ancient Greek philosopher, saw the body as an obstacle for the true soul to achieve perfection and wisdom.
He separates body and soul in his dualistic view, in which the body is considered temporary and the soul is eternal.
This view influenced philosophical thinking about the body and spirituality in Western culture.
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Descartes and the Separation of Body and Mind
René Descartes, a French philosopher, put forward a view similar to Plato’s, substantial dualism.
He stated that the body and mind are separate and distinct substances.
For Descartes, the body was considered a physical machine that could be explained mechanically, while the mind was considered a non-physical, conscious substance.
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