BONSERNEWS.com – Currently, rabies has been transmitted throughout the world, while the areas infected with rabies in Indonesia apart from Bali cover 23 provinces, meaning that only 10 provinces in Indonesia have rabies-free status.
The mode of transmission of the rabies virus in animals is different from the mode of transmission in humans. In animals, it occurs through the bite of an animal suffering from rabies to a healthy animal.
The mode of transmission to humans is divided into two, starting from animals to humans through the bite of an animal whose saliva contains the rabies virus.
Second, non-bite through animal licks containing the rabies virus on wounds, intact mucous membranes, oral mucous membranes, anal mucous membranes, mucous membranes of the external genitalia and through inhalation / air (rare).
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The mode of transmission from human to human is through corneal transplantation, contact of the patient’s saliva to the eye mucosa and there have been reports of healthy people experiencing rabies after being bitten by a patient.
There are 2 (two) types of symptoms and signs of rabies in animals, namely first, the malignant type consists of prodromal, excitation and paralysis stages with the following details:
– Prodromal stage
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Symptoms of rabies with a duration of 2 to 3 days ago and the signs are malaise, refusal to eat, somewhat ” tame “, subfebrile fever, decreased corneal reflex.
– Excitement stage
Symptoms of rabies with a duration of 3 to 7 days ago while the signs are reactive by attacking and biting moving objects, pica (eating various objects including their own feces).
Then forgot to go home, strabismus, spontaneous ejaculation.